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Te Harinui - Great Joy

Ric Carlyon - Thursday, December 25, 2014


"But on a summer day
within a quiet bay
the Maori people heard
the great and glorious word.
The people gathered round
upon the grassy ground,
and heard the preacher say
"I bring to you this day.....
Te Ha-ri-nu-i
Te Ha-ri-nu-i
Te Ha-ri-nu-i,
glad tidings of great joy”.

 - New Zealand carol, "Te Harinui", by Aucklander Katherine Faith "Willow" Macky, QSM, written to recall and celebrate the first Christian service on New Zealand soil, Chrsitmas Day 1814, led by Rev Samuel Marsden who used the scripture, Second Chapter of St. Luke’s Gospel, tenth verse: “Behold! I bring you glad tidings of great joy.”.

The service, 200 years ago today, is generally held by historians as positive engagement between Maori and the new-comers, one of the first moves towards the beginning of pakeha settlement. New Zealand's first Justice of the Peace, Thomas Kendall, was a member of the small missionary team who, just a few days before, had arrived from Sydney.  

200 Years Apart - Same Message - “Happy Christmas”

Ric Carlyon - Wednesday, December 24, 2014

Preparations were underway, exactly 200 years ago today, to celebrate Christmas with the first church service on New Zealand soil.

It was to take place at Oihi, Bay of Islands, led by Mission head, Rev Samuel Marsden, and attended by, among others, Thomas Kendall, New Zealand’s first Justice of the Peace who had arrived just days before as part of the Mission to introduce Christianity to Aotearoa.

Reverend Samuel Marsden : Led the first Christian Service on N.Z. soil

The 200th anniversary will be celebrated tomorrow with a huge gathering at Oihi.

Since December 1814 the Christian message has continued, J.Ps have served their communities and Christmas greetings have been exchanged.

“Especially at this Christmas which is a special milestone for J.P.s,” says President Colin Davis, “I wish all members of our Association Seasons Greetings, safe holidays and a prosperous New Year.”

Today - 200 Years Ago

Ric Carlyon - Friday, December 19, 2014

“Active” in Coastal Waters: Marsden’s Peace-making

The Mission Ship “Active”, carrying New Zealand’s first Justice of the Peace, Thomas Kendall is now in New Zealand coastal waters, having rounded North Cape and today (19th December 1814) is making a run down the East Coast. Leader of the Mission, Rev Samuel Marsden, is keen to meet friends of Maori Chief Korokoro, who’s on board “Active”, which means the ship will visit the Cavalli Islands (Motukawanui).  
As we now know, Marsden witnessed tears as the returning Korokoro was greeted by tangata whenua and the pakeha visitors, introduced by Korokoro to Maori, were also warmly welcomed.
Marsden learned of a tangi of a Maori warrior across on the mainland and decided to attend in the hope that he could talk peace among the natives gathered there and bring reconciliation to inter-tribal hostilities which had continued since the massacre of the Boyd exactly five years before. Maori sacked the ship and murdered most of the 75 passengers and crew, cannibalised.


Marsden’s party went ashore at Whangaroa on the 20th December 1814 under chief Ruatara’s direction and after gift-giving Marsden listened to narratives, teasing out the different versions regarding the consequences of the Boyd tragedy. Tara, who had been a crew-member on the Boyd alleged mis-treatment by the Captain, and had the marks of punishment on his body to prove it. This had sparked the convoluted and confused story of the Boyd episode, a kind of who-did-what scenario leading to warfare between tribes. 
As the day wore on Marsden could see the convivial atmosphere and decided to stay the night in the Maori camp, well aware he was in the company of those responsible for the Boyd massacre. Around the fire Maori Chiefs offered any part of the remains of the ship that Marsden cared to name - Marsden thus knew he had engaged with them so talked of cultivation of the soil, the art of civilisation and peaceful pursuits.

Aboard "Active"

In the morning all the chiefs, without hesitation, accompanied Marsden to the “Active”. This was further evidence, Marsden thought, that relations with the locals were being cemented. He took the opportunity to explain the mission - Kendall had come to teach, Hall to build, King to make lines, and Hansen to command the ship. The onlookers were ranged around the cabin, this unique gathering was brought to a close by a lengthy speech from Ruatara, addressed to Tara, describing the beauties of a peaceful life, and at the same time telling him what he might expect if he declined to follow it. All shook hands, and Marsden had the pleasure of seeing his efforts to secure peace between the contending parties entirely successful.

“Active’s ” next move would be to round the headland into Bay of Islands, to anchor at Rangihoua, the intended headquarters for the Mission, where passengers would disembark and the livestock, poultry and cargo unloaded. 

Sources; NZETC, National Library of New Zealand, Papers Past, Sydney Gazette and NSW Advertiser

Philately Will Get You Everywhere!

Ric Carlyon - Wednesday, December 10, 2014

Well, actually it’s flattery that is said to open all the doors, but JPs have an opportunity to stamp their own mark with special postage stamps issued to mark 200 years of J.P. services in New Zealand.

Booklets of 10 stamps are now available for $10 from the Registrar, Roger Brookes.

Kiwi has produced the special stamps in 5 styles which feature slogans such as “Ordinary New Zealanders Providing Extraordinary Service”, "J.P.s – Access to Justice” and part of the Royal Federation’s objective for all J.P.s “Let Justice be done though the heavens may fall”  

The stamps and first day covers were launched at the function at Government House, Wellington, to celebrate the milestone in November, the 200th anniversary of the appointment of Thomas Kendall as New Zealand’s first Justice of the Peace.  They can be used for all postages within New Zealand.

Orders for the stamps may be placed with Roger

200th Anniversary: 15 New JP's Sworn In

Ric Carlyon - Tuesday, December 02, 2014

15 new Justices of the Peace have been sworn-in during a special sitting of the District Court,Judge Philip Recordon presiding. Family members and friends also attended. 

Wallis Walker represented the Royal Federation, accompanied by Teresa Bullock, J.P./Magistrate from the UK who is currently visiting Auckland. Teresa has been here previously so is familiar with the J.P. set-up in New Zealand… she has spoken at an Auckland J.P.s’ Association Council meeting and has observed several of our courts in session.
During yesterday’s ceremony Teresa accepted Judge Recordon’s invitation to address the court and comment on how the UK’s system differs from ours.

Both the Judge and the President of the Auckland JPs’ Association, Colin Davis, in their addreses from the Bench, referred to the historical significance of the date the 15 were formally appointed, 12th November 2014, exactly 200 years since New Zealand’s first JP, Thomas Kendall, took office. 

The 15 new J.P.s are Mrs Claire Ashcroft, Te Atatu South: Dr Adrian Blaser, Massey: Dr Wendell Dunn, Takapuna:
Ms Maria Faitua, Otahuhu: Mr Don Graham, Orakei: Mr Graham King, Henderson: Mr Afa Manoa, Favona: Mr Ralph Martin, Kaukapakapa: Mr Kevin Myers, Albany: Mrs Satya Prasad, East Tamaki: Cdr Frank Rands, Orewa: Mrs Ana Solia, Ormiston.

12 more Auckland J.P.s were appointed on the historic date, 12th November, and will be sworn in at a later date.

N.Z.‘s First J.P. on His Way

Ric Carlyon - Sunday, November 30, 2014

Thomas Kendall, the first Justice of the Peace appointed for New Zealand, is en route to the Colony, the brig “Active” having been sighted by shipping two days out from Sydney Heads. The ship cleared the harbour entrance on the 28th November 1814.

"Active", carrying a party to set up New Zealand’s first christian mission, was held up for nearly a week after it left Sydney docks, sheltering from stormy weather in Watsons Bay.

Aboard the ship are the missionaries headed by the Reverend Samuel Marsden, the extended Hansen family as intending settlers, labourers and 8 Maori returning to New Zealand. There’s also a cargo of livestock, cats, dogs and poultry.

Kendall, whose part in the Mission is to be school-teacher, while doubling as a J.P., will be part of those intending to lay foundations for a new colony.

Captain Thomas Hansen estimates that with a fair wind and no more storms “Active” will arrive in New Zealand waters within the month. 

Governor-General Leads 200th Celebrations

Ric Carlyon - Friday, November 28, 2014

The Governor-General spelled out the worthiness of J.P.s at a function at Government House Wellington to mark the 200th anniversary of the appointment of New Zealand’s first Justice of the Peace.

Lt Gen The Rt Hon Sir Jerry Mateparae said that Thomas Kendall ‘s appointment so early in the history of European settlement highlights how important J.P.s are in the orderly functioning of civil society.

“There can be few organisations that can boast 200 years of service in New Zealand,” the Governor General said, “and if Kendall was with us here today he might be astonished to see how the role has evolved since 1814, reflecting changed societal needs and norms. He would probably be delighted to see that JP services have been made easily accessible - in private residences, at service desks in libraries and citizens’ advice bureaux, and at courthouses.


The Governor-General greets Royal Federation President Graeme Kitto 

“What hasn’t changed in 200 years is the need for Justices of the Peace. The individuals and the institution that they represent are enduring. They are here to stay”.

“For many New Zealanders”, the Governor General said, “ a JP may be the only judicial officer we ever have contact with”.

“We can reflect on the long history of Justices of the Peace in our nation’s history. We can celebrate people who have freely contributed their time and expertise as JPs, who have helped with the functioning of this nation’s administration, and who have enabled their fellow citizens to meet their legal obligations”.

Life Member Injured in Bag-Snatch

Ric Carlyon - Monday, November 24, 2014

The Association, on behalf of all its members has sent long-time J.P. and Life Member, Alice Wylie, QSM, best wishes for a speedy recovery after she was assaulted in Mt Albert recently.

Perhaps the worst aspect, apart from her injuries, was that the 90 year old was attacked in broad daylight in Alice Wylie Reserve, a park off New North Road named after her, recalling her long and valuable service to the local community. She was vsiiting the park at the time, contemplating additions and improvements. 

Alice received injuries to one hand when the mugger went for her handbag. Notwithstanding, the elderly woman chased the young man across the park, but lost the offender as he made his getaway. She required hospital treatment.

Alice Wylie was Mt Albert Councillor for 27 years and Deputy Mayor. Appointed a J.P. in 1967, she served on the Association’s Council for 27 years and was the first woman on the Court Panel where she served for 26 years.

N.Z.’s First J.P. Departs Sydney

Ric Carlyon - Wednesday, November 19, 2014

A paragraph in the Ship News of the Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser, exactly 200 years ago today, signaled the departure of Thomas Kendall, New Zealand’s first Justice of the Peace, en route for Bay of Islands. His appointment as J.P. had been gazetted a week earlier.  

This morning the brig “Active”, for New Zealand, with the various Gentlemen and other persons comprising the Mission to that place, under the direction of the Rev. Mr. Marsden, whose toils for the accomplishment of the object has induced him to accompany the voyage. 

The brig "Active' by Richard Horner

“Gentlemen and other persons” referred to above included a total of 35 aboard “Active”: Captain Thomas Hansen, crew, members of the Christian Mission led by Samuel Marsden (with Thomas Kendall and family), intending settlers, and six Maori returning to New Zealand.

Captain Hansen's family members were among intended settlers, several convicts were included in the Mission’s team as helpers and Maori, led by Ruatara, were to introduce native chiefs to the Mission on its arrival at Bay of Islands.

Also carried was a collection of animals. Goats, horses, cats and dogs plus poultry and a bull and two cows, the first  cattle in New Zealand, Governor Macquarie's gift, specially selected from the Crown herd of New South Wales.
"The "Active" is a bit like Noah's ark", passenger John Nicholas recorded in his journal. 

[In hind-sight we know this was a false start to the Mission. “Active” did not clear Sydney Harbour as scheduled: a storm blew up and Captain Hansen was obliged to take shelter, delayed for more than a week just inside the Heads in Watsons Bay awaiting favourable conditions]  

200 Years On...Today’s J.P.

Ric Carlyon - Saturday, November 15, 2014

We’ve been looking back at our proud history as we celebrate 200 years since the appointment of New Zealand’s first J.P.

This has been augmented with a look at the range of modern Ministerial Duties carried out by today’s J.P. 

Go to back our Home Page and click on the panel “2014 – We celebrate 200 Years of J.P.s in New Zealand” to catch up with a representative rundown on diverse J. P. duties provided at a Service Desk in a suburban Auckland Citizens’ Advice Bureau.

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